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An Encyclopedia of Typologies


This course deals with some primary functional categories in architecture such as churches, museums, offices, railway stations, hospitals and prisons. Each function answers to specific functional programs that revolve around zoning and internal traffic structure as basics of efficiency. At the same time, these functional aspects are expressed in a more metaphorical way and it is at this point that style and aesthetics come into play, also in relation to the urban context and as a reflection of social values. In the course we study the conditions under which ‘hard’ functional logistics are interwoven with ‘soft’ aesthetics and the demands of representation.

P. Gauthier, Lariboisière Hospital, Paris, 1846-1853